Personality is a term that describes the distinctive qualities of an individual’s character. It is often divided into different classifications, such as introversion and extroversion, but there are many others. Some psychologists have even broken down personality types into sixteen distinct categories! There are so many facets to this complicated topic that it could fill volumes with information. In order to provide a brief overview for you, we’ll summarize some of the most important aspects here.
In summary: This blog post will discuss 16 different Personalities is a term that describes the distinctive qualities of an individual’s character.
types in psychology and how they affect our daily lives.
1. Freudian Theory
Sigmund Freud was known for his psychoanalytical theory which breaks down personality into three distinct parts: Id, Ego and Superego. The Id represents the subconscious mind, while the superego acts as a sort of “moral compass”. (It is what tells you that stealing is wrong). The ego is the mediator between the two and prevents them from clashing.
2. Big Five Personality Traits
In order to study personality in a more scientific way, many psychologists use the Big-Five model as a basis for their research. This measures five different traits: openness, conscientiousness, extraversion/introversion, agreeableness and neuroticism (emotional stability). These can be measured by self-reporting tests which allow psychologists to gather an individual’s score on each trait and then compare it with that of other people’s scores. It does not provide much detail however! It is simply used as a generic test which looks at how similar you are compared with others.
3. Cattell’s 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire
Raymond Cattell was a British psychologist who developed the 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) in order to measure personality more accurately. The questionnaire measures sixteen different traits, which can be further broken down into clusters such as “sensation-seeking” and “social engagement”. It is considered to be one of the most accurate tests of personality available and has been used by researchers all over the world.
4. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator is a self-reporting test that measures four different dichotomies: sensing/intuition, thinking/feeling, judging/perceiving and introversion/extroversion. It was created by Katharine Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers after the psychologist, Carl Jung’s psychoanalytical theory.
5. The Enneagram Of Personality
The enneagram of personality is a circular diagram which shows nine different personality types and how they interact with one another. Each type is attributed to a number from 1-9 and represents a distinct trait such as “the mediator” or “the helper”. There are many books written on this topic that help people learn more about their particular type and what it means for them. It can be a very helpful guide in personal development.
6. 16 Personalities Test
This test was recently developed by psychologists who wanted to create an accurate test that measured all sixteen personality types equally well. Unlike other tests which only had some traits measured, this one measures them all. It is still in the process of being validated but is already becoming popular with people who want to know more about their personality type.
7. The Big Five Personality Traits
The big five personality traits are openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism. They were developed in order to measure personality in a more scientific way and have been found to be accurate when measuring different populations.
8. Carl Jung’s Theory Of Psychological Types
Carl Jung was a Swiss psychologist who believed that there are eight different psychological types. He based his theory on the works of Freud and proposed that each person has a dominant function which shapes their overall personality. example, someone who is dominant in sensing would be more practical and down to earth, while someone who is dominant in intuition would be more creative and imaginative.
9. The Enneagram Of Personality
The enneagram of personality is a diagram that shows nine different personality types and how they interact with one another. Each type is attributed to a number from 1-9 and represents a distinct trait such as “the perfectionist” or “the independent”. There are many books written on this topic that help people learn more about their particular type and what it means for them. It can be a very helpful guide in personal development.
10. The Five Factor Model
The five factor model is a theory that was developed to measure the five broad dimensions of personality. These dimensions are openness to experience, conscientiousness, extroversion-introversion, agreeableness and neuroticism. Recently, the hierarchical structure of the model was reviewed which led to a revised structure with six factors instead of five.
11. Cattell’s 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire
The sixteen personality factor questionnaire was developed by Raymond B. Cattell as an accurate tool to measure personality more accurately than other tests available at that time. The questionnaire measures sixteen different traits including “tough-mindedness” and “anxiety”, these traits can further be broken down into clusters such as “sensation seeking” and “social engagement”. It is considered to be one of the most accurate tests of personality available and has been used by researchers all over the world.
12. The P-E-N Model Of Personality
The P-E-N model was developed in the 1960s by Gordon Allport, it is a theory that focuses on three different components of personality; predispositions, experiences and responses. For example, someone who is well liked has positive predispositions towards other people but may have had very few positive experiences with them in the past. Their response to this experience will mean they either continue their negative bias towards others or they change it into a more positive one.
13. The MMPI – 2 Or Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
The MMPI2 or Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory is one of the most widely used tests when it comes to assessing personality. It measures a range of different traits such as “psychoticism” and “masculinity-femininity”. The test is used by clinicians all over the world to help diagnose mental health conditions and it is considered to be one of the most accurate tests available.
14. The Big Five Traits And Mental Health
Research has shown that there is a strong correlation between the big five personality traits and mental health. For example, people who are high in neuroticism are more likely to experience anxiety and depression, while people who are high in conscientiousness are more likely to be successful in life. This research can be helpful for mental health professionals when it comes to diagnosis and treatment.
15. Type A Personality And Cardiovascular Disease
Type A personality has been linked to an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. People who are type A are more likely to be high-achievers, perfectionists and have a lot of stress in their lives. This type of lifestyle can lead to increased blood pressure and heart rate, which can increase the risk of heart disease.
16. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
The myers-briggs type indicator is a test that was developed in the 1940s by Isabel Briggs Myers and her mother Katherine Briggs. It is a questionnaire that measures four different dimensions of personality; introversion/extroversion, sensing/intuition, thinking/feeling and judging/perceiving. It is one of the most popular personality tests in the world and is used by businesses, schools and universities all over the world.
17. The California Psychological Inventory
The California psychological inventory is a test that was developed in the 1970s by Lawrence J. Walker. It is a questionnaire that measures seventeen different personality traits, including “leadership” and “social participation”. The test is used by psychologists to help assess the personality of their clients.
18. Hans Eysenck’s Three Personality Factors
Hans Eysenck’s three personality factors are extraversion, neuroticism and psychoticism. He developed these factors through his research on intelligence and temperament. These factors are now used as a way to measure different aspects of personality.
19. The five love styles
This theory was developed by John Alan Lee in 1969. It focuses on the different ways people show love, including “affection”, “intimacy”, “commitment”, “equanimity” and “words of endearment”. The theory suggests that we tend to prefer one type of expression over all others and this can help with self-understanding and relationship development.
20. Humans Have Bigger Brains Than Our Primate Relatives
Humans have bigger brains than our primate relatives such as chimpanzees and gorillas. This is because humans belong to a group known as haplorrhines, which means that they do not have a re-enclosing bone around their nose like the strepsirrhine primates. This allows humans to have a bigger brain because the skull can be pulled open more easily.
21. The Right Hemisphere Controls The Left Side Of The Body
The right hemisphere of the brain controls the left side of the body. This is because the two hemispheres of the brain are mirror images of each other. This is why people who suffer from a stroke in the left hemisphere of their brain often lose the use of their left side.
22. Babies Are Born With A Blank Slate personality
Babies are born with a blank slate personality. This means that they are not born with any pre-determined personality traits. Their personality is shaped by their environment and experiences during development.
23. Men And Women Differ In Terms Of Their Personality Traits
Men and women differ in terms of their personality traits. Men tend to score higher than women on factors such as extraversion, assertiveness and openness. Women tend to score higher than men on factors such as emotionality, sympathy, warmth and anxiety. These differences can be used to help understand how the genders communicate with one another better.
24. Narcissism Is Associated With Leadership Roles
Narcissistic individuals are more likely to find themselves in leadership roles than people who are low in narcissism. This is because they have an inflated sense of self-importance which means that they do not feel the need for others’ approval before taking action. They also tend to think that they deserve respect from others, which can lead to them being successful leaders.
25. People Who Are Low In Neuroticism Tend To Be More Successful
People who are low in neuroticism tend to be more successful than those who are high in neuroticism. This is because they are less likely to experience negative emotions such as anxiety, anger and sadness. They are also more likely to be able to regulate their emotions and stay calm under pressure.
26. The Big Five Personality Traits Can Be Used To Predict Behaviour
The big five personality traits can be used to predict behaviour. This is because these traits reflect the different ways that people approach life and interact with the world around them. For example, people who are high in extraversion are more likely to be outgoing and social, while people who are high in neuroticism are more likely to experience negative emotions.
27. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Can Be Used To Classify Personality Types
The Myers-Briggs type indicator can be used to classify personality types. This is a questionnaire that measures different aspects of personality, including introversion/extraversion, intuition/sensing, feeling/thinking and judging/perceiving. It can be used to help people understand their own personality as well as the personalities of others.
28. People Who Are Low In Conscientiousness Are More Likely to Die Early
People who are low in conscientiousness are more likely to die early than those who are high in this trait. This is because conscientiousness is associated with a tendency to plan ahead and take care of oneself. People who are low in conscientiousness are more likely to engage in risky behaviour such as drug use, reckless driving and unsafe sex.
29. Specific Brain Areas Are Associated With The Big Five Personality Traits
Specific brain areas have been found to be associated with the big five personality traits. Neuroticism has been linked with increased activity in the amygdala which processes fear and negative emotions, while extraversion has been linked with increased activity in the nucleus accumbens which processes reward.
30. Genes Influence Our Personality Traits
Genes play a role in influencing our personality traits. A recent twin study found that about half of the links between certain personality traits and genetic variants could be explained by shared genetics. Researchers found that extraversion was significantly heritable, with about half of the links between this trait and DNA variants being explained by genes.
We hope you’ve enjoyed reading these facts about psychology. If you want to learn more, we have a list of books on the subject that cover everything from how our brains work to what makes us happy and why some people are psychopaths! Check out this article for even more information than is in this blog post.