What is NATO and why was it created?

You are currently viewing What is NATO and why was it created?


The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is a political and military alliance of North American and European countries formed after the Second World War in the hopes of avoiding bloodshed and hostilities between nations in the future.

The organization’s headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium, and its current general secretary is Jens Stoltenberg.

In accordance with the North Atlantic Treaty of 4 April 1949, its 30 member states must come to the aid of any signatory friend if they are attacked by a foreign power.

inside that my own words“NATO is committed to the peaceful resolution of disputes. It has the military power to undertake crisis management operations if diplomatic efforts fail.”

Originating from the Dunkirk Treaty, originally signed by Britain and France on March 4, 1947, and aimed at preventing future military aggression from the resurgent Germany or the Soviet Union, the agreement soon engulfed Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg, and subsequently the United States, Canada, Portugal, Italy, Norway, Denmark and Iceland.

The alliance, which remained tight throughout the Cold War, was given new life with the collapse of the USSR in 1989 and gradually added the former Soviet satellite states to its ranks: first the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland in 1999, then Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania. , Slovakia and Slovenia in 2004.

The latest addition to the alliance was North Macedonia in 2020.

Joining NATO guarantees smaller countries military protection from the entire alliance, which is why the likes of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia and most urgently Ukraine are trying to join the community, and this is why Russian President Vladimir Putin is so against the latter. especially the right of entry.

Putin has harshly condemned Nato in the past, falsely claiming that former Kremlin leader Mikhail Gorbachev was assured in the early 1990s that the alliance would not try to expand its influence into eastern Germany, but that he would then supposedly break the deal. first in 1999, then again in 2004.

Before invading Ukraine on February 24, Putin had built Russian military forces on the country’s border with its western neighbor in December 2021, and to Western calls for him to withdraw its troops, NATO refused to admit Ukraine to Ukraine. He responded with the demands he had promised. cease and desist from its ranks and the alliance’s activities in the eastern member states.

The Russian president insists that Russia and Ukraine are truly one nation and appears to be trying to reintegrate the country into what he considers to be the homeland, as it annexed the Crimean Peninsula in 2014.

For its part, Ukraine seeks defensive preservation of the alliance as part of Kiev’s bid to be recognized as a free western democracy protected from Moscow’s evil influence.

Without Ukraine being part of NATO, the member states of the alliance, including the United Kingdom and the United States, do not have to send troops or come to its aid militarily.

(AP)

However, a number of British soldiers are currently stationed in the signatory states Estonia and Poland as part of the organization’s peacekeeping missions, and the United Kingdom has conducted extensive military training with the Ukrainian armed forces since 2015 and continues to supply weapons to Kiev. promised to do. To counter Russian attacks during the current conflict.

NATO’s official position is that membership is open to “any European state in a position to advance the principles of the treaty and contribute to the security of the North Atlantic region”.

The current concern for the alliance is that if Russia manages to conquer Ukraine, it could continue its westward expansion and perhaps conquer other extremes such as Georgia and indeed set a precedent for other global superpowers to follow, perhaps even taking China over Taiwan. can encourage. e.g.