What is Internet, Definition, Meaning, History, Benefits, Importance, facts/Downsides of the Internet

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“The Internet can be a very positive step towards education, organization, and participation in a meaningful society.” This statement of Noam Chomsky seems to be absolutely true in the present context. Earlier hobbies of people used to be playing, reading, listening to music, drawing, photography, etc. At present, if you ask them about hobbies, then seven out of ten people will answer internet surfing and amazing that hobbies like playing, reading, listening to music and drawing pictures can also be fulfilled through the internet.

This is the reason why some call it magic, some a miracle of science, and some call it the superhighway of knowledge. Whatever you call it, but there is no doubt that the Internet has not only proved to be very useful for human beings, but it has completely changed the world through the speed and variety of communication. According to American author Dave Barry, “After the invention of the Internet, call waiting (the telephone and mobile), the human. The single most important development in the history of communication.’

A group of computers and other electronic devices interconnected by various means of communication to share information and other electronic resources is called a computer network and the world-class network of these computer networks is the Internet.

The emergence of the Internet in the world

During the Cold War, in 1969, the US Department of Defense established ARPANET, a network of computers for the first time, with the purpose of protecting American information resources and sharing information among themselves in the event of war. On the basis of this concept, other computer networks were created, which later transformed into the world-class network Internet.

In this, computer networks around the world are connected through a standard protocol. No person in the world can be called the owner of the Internet. It has no headquarters or central management. Any person, who has internet facility of any internet service provider company, can connect to it through his computer. Today, out of more than 7 billion people in the world, about 3 billion people are connected to the Internet. India has the largest number of internet users in the world after China and America. About 25 crore people are connected to the Internet in our country. The number of people connecting to the Internet is increasing rapidly all over the world.

Internet service in India was started by Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) in the year 1995. Now telecom companies like Airtel, Reliance Jio, Tata Indicom, Vodafone also provide internet service. Earlier documents and images were exchanged only through e-mail, now the use of online conversation is increasing continuously and through chatting we can discuss any issue.

Benefits/Importance of Internet for Human Society

Computer networks were invented for the purpose of sharing information. Earlier it was not possible to share all types of information through this, but now in this era of information technology, it has become possible to exchange documents and sound as well as videos. Internet is that genie, who is always ready to follow all your orders.

To book a plane ticket to go abroad, to book a hotel room located in a tourist place, to order a book, to advertise to increase your business, to chat with your friends online, seeking medical advice from doctors or legal advice from lawyers; Internet is the medicine for everything. The Internet has given new opportunities to government, business and education.

5 Governments use the Internet for many functions such as conducting their administrative functions, various tax systems, management and dissemination of information. Internet was not effective in trade and commerce till a few years ago, but today all kinds of marketing and business transactions are possible through it. Today, newspapers and magazines are being published on the Internet, radio channels are available and almost all television channels are also present.

Today educational courses can be conducted through the Internet. Special knowledge of any subject can be obtained by connecting to the library located from one end of the world to the other. Any person can create his web page on the internet about his organization and its activities, features etc., which can be seen by millions of people on their internet. The World Wide Web (www) is proving to be the best means of global access. Internet service provider companies provide internet services to consumers for a nominal fee.

Through the Internet, media houses are easily reaching us with the latest information and weather-related information through both sound and visual mediums. Be it a leader or an actor, a student or a teacher, a reader or a writer, a scholar or a thinker, the Internet is proving equally useful for everyone. Various types of surveys and referendums are easily collected through various tools operated on the Internet. Looking at these uses of the Internet, John Allen Pauls has said – “The Internet is the world’s largest library, as if all the books are open” i.e. its advent has brought dynamism, accuracy and clarity in the works, thereby saving valuable time.

Currently, during the Corona crisis, a lockdown was imposed in the country, but the Internet has made work easier especially for those working in the city. With the help of the internet, people are able to work from home, sick people are consulting their doctors. Be it office meetings or group discussions with various state governments by the Government of India or people sitting at home in lockdown, the Internet has emerged as a messiah for everyone.

Defects/Downsides of the Internet

The Internet has many benefits, but it also has many drawbacks. Through this, children have easy access to nude scenes. Many people use the Internet to view pornographic sites and steal information. This has led to an increase in cybercrimes.

When connecting to the Internet, there is also a risk of files protected by viruses being destroyed or infected. To avoid these viruses, the use of antivirus software is necessary.

Apart from all this, many people keep publishing unnecessary and wrong data and facts on it. Therefore, all the data and facts available on this cannot always be considered authentic. We need to be very careful while using them.

In this way the internet is useful as well as a means of wasting time. At the same time, it is also an expensive system, because the companies providing internet facility charge a heavy fee in return. Many websites based on this influence children with wrong education.
By stealing people’s personal information and e-mail id from the internet, fraudulent companies send false e-mails and cheat people.

Not only this, the ill effects of the internet on health are also exposed, such as pain in the eyes, mental stress, back pain etc., so it is necessary to use it in the right way in the necessary work and it is a bad habit and cause of health spoilage. Do not make and use it as a boon of science.

Conclusion

If the Internet is the ocean of knowledge, then there is no shortage of garbage in it. If it is used properly, then pearls of knowledge and progress will be obtained from this ocean and if used wrongly, nothing will be left in hand except garbage. The ocean of knowledge available on the Internet and proper use of this medium will play an important role in the progress of human beings. Therefore, it is very important to teach its correct use to the coming generation, otherwise it will prove to be a sharp sword in the hands of children.