No nation can envision arriving at the culmination without the improvement of science and innovation.. It can be said that science is the only light that illuminates anywhere is like illuminating all places. In this context, the development of drone technology at present has played an important role in India along with the whole world. Today drone technology is being used not only in the strategic field, but in various fields of life, but there are some challenges in the context of this technology, due to which it needs to be used carefully.
Meaning of drone
Unmanned aircraft are called drones. It is a small remotely operated aircraft. The Hindi meaning of drone is male bee and it got this name because of its flying. It flies like a bee and can hover while remaining stationary in one place. It is flown from a remote or a special control room made for it. Drones are generally used in such inaccessible places, where humans cannot easily reach.
Development of drones
Efforts to make drones or unmanned aircraft started during the First World War. In the year 1918, the United States Army started manufacturing aerial torpedoes and some tests were also done on this device named ‘Catering Bag’, but the First World War ended before its full development. Although the trial of the unmanned device continued.
In 1935, Britain’s Royal Air Force designed a radio wave-powered and guided pilotless aircraft named ‘The Queen Bee’, for which the word drone was first used.
Then in 1942, Germany’s Pinumun Army Research Center tested the V-1 flying box. During this time the United States military also began using drones for targeting and training. On August 6, 1946, a US drone named the P-70 Flying Potest took off from Muroc Army Air Field. Even during the Vietnam War, the US deployed a large number of unmanned aircraft and used them for leaflet drop and intelligence activities.
In February 2002, drones were used for the first time to target anyone. On February 4, the US intelligence agency CIA used a drone to target Osama bin Laden in Khost town of Patakia province of Afghanistan, although Osama was not there. 2002 During this time, military and spy drones were also developed in Iran and Israel. In India also, DRDO and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited are developing many types of drones, in which Rustom-1, Rustom-2 etc. are prominent. –
Types of Drones
The Directorate General of Civil Aviation of India has prescribed five main types of drones 2. Microdrones It weighs more than 250 grams but less than 2 kg. 3. Small Drone It weighs more than 2kg but less than 25kg. 4. Medium Drone It weighs more than 25kg but less than 150kg. Nano Drone weighs up to 250 grams. Large Drone Its weight is more than 150 kg.
The utility of the drone is as follows
- Relief and Rescue Operations Presently Natural Calamity; For example, drones are being used for relief and rescue during floods, earthquakes etc. The pictures of the devastating earthquake that hit Nepal in April 2015 were taken by drone. Drones were also used to gauge the magnitude of the devastating floods that hit the Indian state of Kerala. Drones are being used for border surveillance.
- Today, farmers in different countries of the world in the field of agriculture, from monitoring crops through drones to medicine are spraying.
- At present, drones are also being used to maintain law and order in controlling anti-social elements. During the communal violence in Uttar Pradesh’s Saharanpur, the state police used drone cameras, which helped a lot in monitoring the situation there. Hyderabad Police is using drones for the safety of women in the city. Similarly, to maintain internal security and law and order, it is being used to search the roofs and keep an eye on large processions in the big metros of the country.
- In the home delivery of goods, currently companies like Google and Amazon are preparing to do home delivery of goods by drone. Amazon has also filed a patent for the deployment of drones in India. 5. In the railway sector, Indian Railways has decided to use drone cameras for monitoring and checking infrastructure, project monitoring and track maintenance. Along with this, drone cameras will also be deployed by the Railways in relief and rescue operations. First use of drone cameras in railway’s Jabalpur headquarters
- Drone technology is also being used in Swachh Bharat Abhiyan to make Swachh Bharat Abhiyan a success.
- The most widespread use of drone technology in the military field is used in military fields. US Army Pak
7. The most widespread use of drone technology in the military field is in military fields. The US military is using drones to search for Taliban fighters in the border tribal areas of Pakistan. Drones were widely used by NATO troops to overthrow the Taliban in Afghanistan, and drones played a successful role in this. The strategic strategic importance of drones can be understood in the context that Pakistan called American drones a threat to its sovereignty.
In view of the military importance of drones in the military field, drone technology is being accepted. Keeping in mind the terrorist activities on both sides of the border, the Government of India has successfully tested the unmanned aircraft of the Rustom series. According to the report of the Technology Perspective and Capability Roadmap, 2018 of the Ministry of Defense, Government of India, the army will need 400 drones in the coming decade. The Indian Army currently has about 200 drones.
8) Government of India Drone cameras are also being used in traffic control in other areas. Along with this, drones are also being used for survey, professional photography and aerial mapping. Drones are used to overcome the limitation of resolution in traditional laser scanning while documenting anything.
9) Drone is a machine, due to which it can be easily hacked like other machines. A hacker can attack its control system and damage it, as well as obtain confidential information. If the drone is found by anti-social elements, then they can not only spy through it, but can also attack if needed.
The drone can collide with birds while in flight.
The International Air Transport Association has recognized drones as a threat to the airspace and called for extensive consultations to ensure its associated safety.
- Criminals and extremists can carry out major crimes through drones; For example, dropping explosives in a safe area, transporting illegal goods inside the prison, attacking with biological weapons, etc.
India’s Drone Policy
Drone policy was implemented across India on December 1, 2018. According to this, no person can fly a drone before the age of 18 years. Also, that person should be 10th pass and he should have knowledge of basic things related to drones.
Under this policy, commercial use of drones has been approved in areas like agriculture, health, disaster relief, but permission has not been given for the supply of other items including food items. Under this policy, the following zones have been set for flying drones.
- Red zone flight not allowed.
- Yellow Zone Controlled Airspace – Permission required before flight. .
- Green Zone Uncontrolled Airspace – Automatic Permission
- Drone operation is not allowed in places. Violation Conclusion Life
No Drone Zone Drones cannot be flown above 60 meters even at certain weddings and parties. Under this policy, there is a provision of both penalty and fine for doing any rule.
Thus, it can be said that currently drone technology is going through a new phase of its development and it is playing a revolutionary role in various fields, but at the same time it is also very important to ensure that it is used by mankind. The use of drones by anti-social elements should be done only for its help and its interest, and not for harming human interests.