What is president-elect, Meaning, Definition

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What Is President Elect?

If you’re not familiar with the office of president, you might wonder, “What is a president elect?” First, it’s a candidate who won the election for the vice-president in the United States presidential election. Then, you should know that a president-elect is the person whose inauguration is pending. Here are some facts about the position. This is a term used in political circles, but it’s not one you should get confused with.

The President-elect is a person elected to the presidency, but not yet installed. He or she has all of the powers that the president has, but without the authority to exercise those powers until their term begins. A similar term applies to a prime minister-designate. It’s a term that refers to a person who has been elected to a government office but hasn’t yet taken office. In the U.S., the president-elect and the lame duck are the same people.

President-elect Meaning

In the United States, the President-elect is a sitting vice president who is elected to the presidency. The term president-elect also includes a president who has won a popular election, but is not yet in office. Traditionally, a president-elect is the person who won the popular vote, not the current president. But that is changing. A recent precedent of a president-elect assembling a transition team has established that there are a number of important legal and policy differences between a president-elect and an incumbent.

While it is not official, the word “president-elect” has two meanings in U.S. law and the Constitution. In the 22nd Amendment of the Constitution, the term refers to a person who won the election, whereas the term “president-elect” refers to the person who wins the election until their first day in office. The term “president-elect” has become a common phrase, but the meaning has evolved over time.

President-elect Definition

The term “president-elect” is not an official title. The word is also referred to as the office of the President-elect in the United States. The president-elect’s term of office will last four years, which is the typical term in politics. However, the President-elect’s role will be crucial for the country. The first-elect’s job will determine the direction of the country, which means the country will be divided.

While the term “president-elect” is not legally defined in U.S. law, it has a long history in history. The term has been used since the founding fathers of the country. For example, James Madison asserts that John Adams is the president-elect. The word was first used in the 1796 presidential election. The name was derived from a phrase by George Washington. The word’s usage in the American government goes back to George Washington.

President-elect / presidential election

The term “president elect” has a long history in the United States. In 1800, the term was used to refer to the winner of a presidential election. In 1896, Woodrow Wilson’s election result was a tie, but today, the term “president elect” is used as the title of the newly-elected president. The term became official in the US Constitution in 1892. It has been used since then.

The term “president elect” is not always the same as the words vice-president. During the presidential election, the president-elect is the person who receives the most electoral votes. The president-elect must win the election by an absolute majority. The Senate is the chamber where the vice-president is elected. It may elect a candidate in an even greater minority than the former president.

The term “president elect” is the name of the next president of the United States. The term “president-elect” is a proper noun that is capitalized when used directly. When it is used as a common noun, it is not capitalized. If it is capitalized, it is the name of the new president. It’s important to make sure you spell out the word as accurately as possible, as the term is the most commonly used among all the others.

The President-elect will have more power than any other elected official. The power to set an agenda is not a secret. In fact, this is the only way to be re-elected. Unlike the major-party candidates, the president-elect is mandated to have office space and to be protected by the United States Secret Service. He can also request office privileges from the General Services Administration. A new leader will be the first to have the same constitutional authority as the current president.

Presidential candidate for the United States

 Presidential candidate for the United States

There is a presidential candidate for the United States is the candidate who seems to have been crowned the winner of the United States presidential election and is waiting for his inauguration to be the President. There isn’t any explicit reference of the U.S. Constitution of when a person becomes president-elect even though it is noted that the Twentieth Amendment uses the term “President-elect”, thus giving the phrase “president-elect” constitutional justification. It is presumed that the Congressional approval of votes that were cast through the Electoral College of the United States that occurs after three days of January, following the swearing-in ceremony of the new Congress as per the clauses that are part of the Twelfth Amendment – unambiguously confirms that the candidate who won the election is the President-elect as per the U.S. Constitution. In the absence of a formal definition, the president-elect has been used in the media since the late 19th century and has been used by politicians from around 1790, at the earliest. The media and politicians have used the term to refer to the likely winner even on election night [3and even on election night, and only a few who actually lost were referred to as this.

The Election Day is celebrated in the early months of November, voting informally for the members of Electoral College is scheduled to take during the middle of December, and the president’s ceremony of inauguration (at where the swearing-in ceremony is administered) will usually take place on the 20th of January. The only constitutional requirement that relates specifically to the person who was elected president in the election is their ability to swear in office.[1 This is because the Presidential Transition Act of 1963 allows the General Services Administration to determine the person who is believed to be the winner of the election is and to provide an orderly and punctual process for the federal government’s plan for transition in conjunction with the president-elect’s transition team. It also provides office space for “apparent successful candidates”.Conventionally in the time from the time of election to ceremony, the president-elect prepares for the duties of the president and collaborates in conjunction with his ousted (or the lame-duck) president to ensure a smooth transition of the presidency. Since 2008, presidents who are incoming have also been using the term “Office of President-elect” to identify their transition organizations without a specific definition for it.

incumbent presidents that have been elected to another term are usually not known as presidents-elect because they are in their current position and have not waited to be elected president. A vice president in the current administration who has been elected president is called president-elect.

History of the president elect

History of the president elect

The usage terms date to at the very least, the 1790s with letters written by a variety of members of the Founding Fathers of the United States has used the term in connection with elections in the 1796 United States presidential election. There is evidence in a few correspondences that like the case now it was acceptable to use the term for those who seemed to have won the election, prior to the time that the final results were revealed.

The major news media began using the term during the latter period in the late 19th century.

In 1933, following the ratification of the 20th Amendment to the United States Constitution, the term “20th Amendment” was adopted to refer to the Constitution of the United States.

Overview of the law governing president elect

Article II Section 1 Section 2. of the United States Constitution, as well as the Twelfth and Twenty-Twentieth Amendments, specifically address and regulate the procedure for selecting the president of the United States. The presidential elections are further governed by a variety of laws, both federal laws as well as federal and state laws.

In the 1887 Electoral Count Act president electors and or participants of the Electoral College, the body that decides directly the president, are “appointed, in each state, on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November, in every fourth year”. Therefore, every state appoints its electors at the exact date in November, at least once each four years. The method of electing the voters can be accomplished by laws of each state, subject the limitations imposed by the Constitution.

In every state there is an electorate by the citizens is the procedure used to choose participants in the Electoral College. The Constitution however, doesn’t specify any specific procedure that states must follow when choosing their the electors. The state may be, for instance, require that they are elected by the state legislature , or even by the governor of the state. This was common during the early presidential elections before the 1820s. However, states have not done this since the 1850s. Many states have passed or are considering laws that would award its electoral vote to the person who won the popular vote regardless of the results of their statewide election However, these laws will not go into effect until states that have the majority of electoral votes in the state adopt these laws, which is not yet happened.

On the Monday following the second Wednesday of December, the voters of each state gather in their respective capital cities of the state (and electors from District of Columbia also meet in their respective capitals). District of Columbia meet in the capital of the United States) at which sessions, the electors cast votes for the president as well as vice-president in the United States. Following their meetings, the voters of each state as well as their respective District of Columbia then execute the “certificate of vote” (in multiple original copies) in which they declare the results of every meeting. For each certificate of vote there is a confirmation certificate is attached. Every certificate of ascertainment serves as an official certificate (usually issued by the state’s governor, and/or by the secretary of the state of the state) which declares the names of electors who have been appointed part of the Electoral College. Because in all states , electors are elected by popular vote, every certification of ascertainment announces the outcomes from the vote which determined the selection of the electors, even though this information isn’t legally required. The voters in every state as well as the District of Columbia then send the certificates of their vote along with the attached certificates of ascertainment in the direction of President U.S. Senate.

The elections are conducted in the combined session of Congress in January, in early January (on the 6th of January as stipulated under the 3 U.S. Code, Chapter 1 or an alternative time set by law) If the ballots are deemed to be valid without objections, the president and vice-presidential candidates who have more than 270 elective ballots–a majority of the number of electoral votes – are certified as winning an election by their incumbent vice-president as well as the vice president in their capacity as presidents from the Senate. If there is no presidential candidate who reaches the 270-vote requirement and the election for the presidency is determined through the House of Representatives in an election running-off non-contingent election. If no vice-presidential candidate meets this threshold, then the vote for the vice-president is determined in the Senate.

Electoral College role

Electoral College role

While it is not the case that the Constitution or some federal statutes require voters to cast their ballots for the person who is the winner of the popular vote of their state Some states have passed laws that require that voters cast their ballots for the state’s winner. In the year 2020 the legality of these laws was confirmed through the United States Supreme Court. 7. In the past there have been only the occasional occasions that have seen ” faithless electors” voting for a candidate for whom they did not pledge their vote in the past, and these instances have not affected the result of an election for president.

Reports of the Congress

Two congressional reports have found that the president-elect was the winner of the majority of the electoral votes that were cast in December. It is the Congressional Research Service (CRS) of the Library of Congress in its report from 2004 “Presidential and Vice Presidential Succession: Overview and Current Legislation,” [88.8] addressed the issue of when candidates who won an overwhelming majority of electoral votes are declared president-elect. The report states that the constitutionality of the president-elect has been disputed:

Some commentators question whether the president and vice president-elect exists prior to the election results being counted and declared through Congress the 6th of January arguing they are a thorny situation that is not governed by any clear statutory or constitutional guidance. Others argue that once an overwhelming majority of votes in the election has been cast for a single ticket, the winners of these votes will become the president and vice-president-elect, in spite of the fact that electoral votes have not been recorded and certified until next January 6.

The CRS report cites an 1933 U.S. House committee report which was part of the Twenty-Third Amendment as approving the second view:

It is important to note that the committee utilizes”president elect” as a term “president-elect” in its generally used sense, meaning the person who has won the largest number of electorate votes or elected from members of the House of Representatives in the event that an election is put before the House. It doesn’t matter whether or whether the votes were recorded, since the candidate is elected president when the votes have been cast. [9]

President-elect succession

The scholars have pointed out in the National Committees of both the Democratic as well as Republican party have adopted guidelines for the selection of alternative candidates in the case of the death of a nominee prior to or following an election. If the person who is the likely finalist in the general elections passes away prior to that the Electoral College votes in December the voters will likely be required to support the new candidate their party chooses to replace. The guidelines for both main parties say that if the winner passes away in this manner and their running mate still has the ability take over the presidency and vice versa, the running mate will be elected president with electors being instructed to choose the vice presidential candidate who was the previous vice president for president. The national committee of the party, working with the newly elected president-elect would then select one of the candidates to receive electoral votes to elect the Vice President.

If the winner is dead between the vote in December and the time it is counted during Congress in January The thirteenth Amendment states that all votes that are cast will be counted, likely even those of the deceased candidate. It is the U.S. House committee reporting on the proposed Twentieth Amendment stated that “Congress has no discretion’, and would affirm that the dead was the winner of a majority of votes. ‘”

There is no reason why the Constitution did not initially include an expression like the president elect. The term was added through the Twentieth Amendment, that was ratified in 1933. It contained a provision that addressed the issue of whether the president-elect is able to swear in the presidency on the day of Inauguration. Section 3 stipulates that in the event of no president-elect as of January 20 or the President-elect “fails to qualify”, the vice president-elect will be the acting the president from January 20, until the election of a president who meets the qualifications. The clause also stipulates that in the event that the president-elect dies by noon on the 20th of January the vice president-elect will become president-elect. In the event that there isn’t a president-elect or vice president-elect in the country, the amendment also gives Congress the power to declare the president acting until there is an elected president or vice president. At this point , the Presidential Succession Act of 1947 applies and the post of President being delegated to president pro tempore of the House of Representatives, followed by the president pro tempore of Senate as well as other Cabinet officers.[11[11]

Horace Greeley is the only presidential candidate to gain pledged electors during the general election. He would then pass away before the inauguration of the president. He got 66 votes in 1872 , and passed away prior to his Electoral College met. Greeley was already clear to lose the presidential election, with the majority of his votes were scattered among other presidential candidates.

The most obvious scenario of not having a qualified candidate to swear the presidency oath in the Inauguration Day ceremony took place in 1877, when the controversial race of Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel J. Tilden was ruled and confirmed in Hayes Tilden’s favor only three days prior to the official inauguration (then on March 4,). This could have been possible on numerous other occasions, too. In January 1853 the President-elect Franklin Pierce survived a train crash which killed his son, who was 11 years old. The following year the President-elect James Buchanan battled a severe illness that he contracted while staying within the National Hotel in Washington, D.C. while the President-elect was planning his inaugural. In addition the 15th of February 1933, only 24 days following when the Twentieth Amendment went into effect president-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt was able to escape an assassination attempt during a shooting spree in Miami, Florida. The amendment’s provisions, which moved the to the day of his inauguration between March 4, and January 20 was not in effect until 1937, however the three clauses pertaining to the president-elect became effective instantly. [1] If the assassination attempt against Roosevelt was successful, in accordance with Article 3 the vice president-elect John Nance Garner would have been inaugurated as president on the Inauguration Day and the vice presidency was vacant for the duration of the four-year term.

Transitions to the presidency

Since the widespread introduction of the Telegraph in the middle of the 19th century and the actual president-elect was established beyond doubt, with just some exceptions, within several hours (or perhaps several hours) of the closing of polls on the day of the election. In the end, new presidents had a lot of time to prepare before they took office.

The presidents who have been elected in recent times have formed transition teams to plan the smooth transition of power following new president’s inauguration. Former presidents have collaborated with the president-elect in important issues of policy during the final 2 months of his term in order to assure a seamless transition as well as continuity of activities that are in important national implications. Prior to the ratification of Twenty-Third Amendment on January 23, 1933 which delayed the beginning of the presidential term from January the president-elect was not able to take office until March, which was four months after the election.

Under the Presidential Transition Act of 1963 (P.L. 1988-277), modified in the Presidential Transitions Effectiveness Act of 1998 (P.L. 100-398), the Presidential Transition Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-293), [14] [15] and the Pre-Election Presidential Transition Act of 2010 (P.L. 111-283), [16the president-elect is entitled to certain privileges. President-elect can request and be granted certain privileges by the General Services Administration (GSA) when they are preparing for their first day in the presidency.

The section 3 in the Presidential Transition Act of 1963 was enacted to ease smooth transitions between the incoming and outgoing presidents. In order to accomplish this, certain provisions like the use of office spaces, telecommunication services and transition staff members are allocated on request to the president-elect. The Act gives the president-elect no official power and does not make any mention of the “Office of the president-elect.. “[12]

In 2008 the year of his election, the President-elect Barack Obama gave numerous speeches and press events before a banner that read “Office of President Elect”[17[17, 18] and employed the same title on his website.[18The Trump, the President elect Donald Trump did likewise on the 11th of January 2017.[1919

The Presidential Transition Act of 1963 also permits administrators of the General Services Administration to issue an “letter of ascertainment” even prior to the December election that is part of the Electoral College This letter will identify the probable winners of the general election. This allows the president-elect and vice president-elect and the transition teams to be eligible for federal transition funds offices, office space, and other information services ahead of the inauguration with the administration that will take office on January 20.[5][20][21There are no specific rules regarding how the GSA decides who will be the president-elect. Most often the GSA chief may make the determination after credible news media declare the winner or in the event of the outcome of surrender by the winner. [22]

Article II Section 1, Clause 8. The constitution stipulates it states that “Before he enters the Execution of his Office” the president must take an oath or swear that he will “faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States” and “preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.” A provision in the Twentieth Amendment provides that noon on January 20 is the expiration of a four-year presidency and the start of the next four-year term.[23It’s the source of a “constitutional mystery” about who (if there is anyone) has the presidency for the brief time on Inauguration Day, which is between noon and the inauguration of the president of the next term (or the re-sworn-in swearing-in of an elected president) roughly five minutes later.[23One theory of the Constitution is the view that “a President-elect does not assume the status and powers of the President until he or she takes the oath” and, in this perspective, “a person must reach before being able to take on the responsibilities of the President. ” [24] Another alternative viewpoint is that taking the oath serves as an “ceremonial reminding of the President’s obligation to implement the law, and also the legitimacy that the Constitution as the supreme legislation” as well as required for an individual “exercis[ingthe powers in the office of Chief Executive” This view may be partly based on the assumption that the swearing-in ceremony isn’t included in the requirements for eligibility for the presidency, as set out in other places within the Article II. [24A third view Another alternative viewpoint (the “primed presidencies” viewpoint) can be that “a President-elect is automatically elected president upon the commencement of his new term, however, he is not able to enter upon the execution of his office until he has recited the swearing-in” or, in this sense the president “must swear in before it is constitutionally able to exercise the presidency’s power. “

The president-elect, as well as vice-president-elect, have protection from The United States Secret Service. Since the year 1968, which saw the killing of Robert F. Kennedy Major-party candidates are also provided with this protection during the presidential election.