What is Mobile Phone, History, Effect of Mobile Phone, Benefits

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In modern society mobile phones have become an extremely common electron gadget for many. The growth in the use of mobile phone is based on their ability to become technologically advanced since most of them can take and ser photos and videos and connect to the internet for web surfing, studying, meetir their friends, relatives, enjoying and learning etc. However, there are various unfavourable effects of the use of mobile phones in our society. Cell phone radiation has been classified as a possible ‘human carcinogen’ by W The radiations from mobile could also damage the brain tissue and its effects a more in the children as compared to adults and older people.

Coupled with technology, in the era of advancement, mobile phones have made our lives easier. We have become dependent upon the mobiles for even carrying out most fundamental functions of our daily life such as communicating, shoppi banking etc.

About Mobile Phone

A mobile phone is an electronic wireless, portable scientific device, which is use to receive and send voice and messages. With the advent of smartphones, mobile phones have now got a new meaning. A smartphone can be defined as a phone with high-resolution touchscreen display, Wi-Fi connectivity, web browsing capabilities and the ability to accept sophisticated apps. Now, they are not only means of communication, but are also the sources of information and entertainment.

Telephones have changed dramatically since Alexander Graham Bell spoke the fi words into a telephone on 10th March, 1876. In the early 1980s, portable phone were like a small-scale mobile phone. In 1983, Motorola first produced commercially hand held mobile phone (Dyna TAC 8000x). Several other compani started to produce mobile phones. From the First-Generation system (1G), now it has come to the Fifth Generation system (5G). The mobile devices have become the lifeline of communication in today’s time.

We find ourselves in the midst of the greatest information and communication revolution in human history. More than 40 per cent of world’s population has access to the internet because of decreasing prices of smartphone and internet pack.

Over Dependency on Our Social Life

over Mobile phones have become so much necessary that human beings have become dependent on it. In a way, mobile phones have become a constant source of interruptions in our lives. Whether, it is a family get together, any professional meeting, attending a programme, our mobile phones can ring anywhere. These regular interruptions lead to divided attention and an individual cannot give his best to a single activity he is involved in at that moment.

This annoys the other people and lowers the efficiency of the individuals. Mobile phones have dehumanised the dynamics of human contact. The essence of personal touch is lost in today’s tech-savvy world. People have confined themselves to the world of mobile and have forgotten how to interact in real life.

Effects of Mobile Phone

Addiction to smartphone has significantly impacted the families all over in negative way. Children are increasingly feeling emotionally neglected. Family as institution for inculcating values to children is gradually loosing its relevance. The most affected section of the society by the usage of mobile phones are children. They are spending hours on the mobile phones playing games. This affects their reading time and sleeping hours also. This also creates havoc with their physical and mental growth. Cell phone emits a type of radiation that is known as Radio Frequency Electro Magnetic Radiation (RF-EMR), also referred to as Microwave radiation. It is highly harmful for children.

A large section of teenagers and young people have fallen victims to the use of the mobile phones. The instant messaging and social media applications are very popular among them. Unhindered access to pornographic material, violent uncensored content and extremist radicalised ideologies have negative impact on their mental and physical health. Research has established that the ill effects of Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) emitted by mobile phones kills birds, damages bird eggs and embryos. Decreasing number of sparrow and many small species of birds are really alarming. Experts claims that once gone, these birds would never be back

Constant use of mobile phone leads to many risks in our lives also. As it is a source of constant communication, often people are on call and phones while they are walking in the streets or driving the car. These lead to major road accidents which may lead to injuries and even death in many cases. At cognitive level, this is affecting our memory and retention power, we are now increasingly dependent on mobile phones for saving our important data. Because of this habit people are sometimes exploited through data snooping or breaching,

Relevance of Mobile Phone

However, we cannot deny that mobile phones are great invention and almost a perfect technological breakthrough. It would be unfair if we restrict ourselves to only the negativities of these devices. Mobile phones have provided a great level of convenience and safety to those who use it. Apart from the personal use, mobile phones are also considered to be an effective tool in strengthening democracy through better citizen-government interaction, thus influencing the political decision-making process and making governments accountable for their activities.

Today mobile phones have become an integral part of our lives. We seem completely reliant on our phones no matter where we are or what we are People these days are empowered to be mobile savvy by staying connected. We can now send/receive e-mails anywhere, easily stay connected, take photos, play games, manage calendars and the list goes on and on

One can also set alarms and reminders, schedule meetings and have video conferences through mobile. Besides, a large number of applications help us to do online shopping, get the food delivered at home or office, take care of our health, read books, listen to music, get informations etc.

Nowadays, smart mobile devices are used to deliver and take online education. Mobile phones give an opportunity to teachers and students engage with each other without being physically present with each other. It has provided an enhanced opportunity and support to those students who need to study and learn at their own pace. It has given flexibility to both students and teachers. Mobile phones have been used for conducting business and professional meetings and executing projects at a rapid pace.

Mobiles have increased the pace of wireless communication among the employees and management. Now the employees are available 24/7 rather than the earlier traditional ways. Meetings can be conducted from anywhere and anytime with the help of mobiles.

The instant messaging services help to connect with each other as and when required. The physical distances are now overcome by connecting through mobiles. It is a big support for the people who are living away from their families. They can have a video call with their families as many times as they want to talk to them in a day. The video calls are either free or very affordable.

Optimal Use of Mobiles

The human dependence on the mobile devices has increased significantly. Technology is good, as long as it is our slave. The day it starts becoming a master it can have serious effects on our life. The increasing cases of nomophobia point towards the latter. We shall not become overdependent on the mobile phones nor should we become a slave to the technologies.

Moderation in the use of mobile phone is the key to make ourselves immune from over dependence and addiction. Certain practical tips like not using phone in bed, getting a real alarm clock, turning off notification while studying and deleting unnecessary apps will be helpful in this direction. Outdoor activities and games need to be promoted. We need to make an optimal use of the mobile devices to reap the maximum benefit out of it.


A mobile phone is the most popular and useful gadget in present times. However, a mobile phone could be both positive and negative, depending on how a user uses it. Thus, the mobile phones should be used optimally, according to the needs and requirements of daily life. As mobiles have become a part of our life, so we should use it in a proper way for a better hassle-free life.

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