What is Girl Education in India, Meaning, Definition, Programs, Policy

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It is rightly said that “If we educate a man, we educate a man only, but if we educate a woman, we educate the whole family”. Education plays a major role in the social and economic growth of a nation. A nation can be educated in the real sense of the term, when its entire population is educated. Mostly people think that men’s contribution in society is more than women. But now women are sharing equal responsibility in every field of society. So, female education is important for all round progress of a country. If we want to make democracy successful, woman must be educated. They are the real builders of happy homes.

Importance of Educated Mother in Society

Women education is very important because women are the first teacher of their children as they receive the very first lessons in their mother’s lap. Hence, if mothers are educated, they can perfectly shape and mould their sons and daughters.

An educated mother will have high expectations for her children’s educational success and will continuously encourage them to develop high expectations of the own. An educated mother is more likely to have health knowledge ensuring her children receive the proper vaccines for their health and provide healthy meals that are nutritionally beneficial.

Significance of Female Education in Different Fields

Education enhances the intellectual, social and emotional development of women and enables them to meet their basic needs of daily life. It helps in reducing inequalities in the society. Apart from this, educated women help to reduce the population of a nation as they have great confidence that enables to take right decisions. They also help to reduce child and maternal mortality. They are less likely to be taken advantage of and lowers exposure to domestic abuse. All this contributes in a positive way to the society and the nation at large.

Educated women can shoulder any kind of responsibility. See the examples like Kalpana Chawla, Kiran Bedi, Sushma Swaraj etc. they have earned a name in the society for themselves. Education for a girl child means making the next generation well educated, full of virtues, free from the useless superstitions, confident and capable to do something good for the family, for the society and fc the country as a whole.

Reasons for Deprivation of Girl’s Education

Till now female education is not given much importance in many parts of India. Some of the reasons are dowry, child marriage, caste system and purdah system prevalent in the society. Many people in the rural areas are of belief that money would be needed during her marriage to be given as dowry, so investing the money for her education is regarded as waste.

Another reason for the deprivation of girl’s education is the child marriage. It is great belief in India that for a girl it is more important to become perfect in household works than getting education. This forces the girl to focus towards household work. At many places the caste system is so strong that the girl of lower caste are not allowed to go to the schools where the girls of the high cast studying

Literacy Rate in India

If you look at the percentage of educated people, there is a huge gap between male and female literacy rate in India. According to the census 2011, the of literate male is 82.14% and female is 65.46%. Among the states, the female literacy rate is highest in Kerala and Mizoram with 91.98% and 89.40% whereas Rajasthan has the lowest female literacy with 52.66%.

reason behind the high literacy rate of Kerala is the modern policies adopted by the governments and modern social beliefs that justifies girl’s education. The -school policy adopted by the EMS Namboodiripad government paved way for private entrepreneurs to start up schools with government aiding. On the other , the reason for low female literacy rate in a state like Rajasthan is social belief that makes boy’s education more important. The tradition of child marriage in the state is another factor for such a low rate.

Various Programmes and Policies Undertaken

The Government of India has initiated various programmes and policies to ens that a girl does not miss out any opportunity of getting education. After independence, the government had set up a National Committee on Women’s Education in 1958 and it recommended that female education should be at pa with male education.

Some of the important schemes/policies initiated by the Government of India girl’s education are

• Sakshar Bharat Mission for female literacy launched in 2008 for promoting adult education especially among women under which Lok Shiksha Kendras were set up.

• Kasturba Balika Vidyalaya for establishment of residential upper primary schools for girl.

• National programme for education of girls at elementary level for reduction the school dropouts by giving special attention to weak girls.
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shikasha Abhiyan to provide infrastructure for girls hostel for secondary education.

• The Balika Samriddhi Yojana is a scholarship scheme designed to provide financial support to young girls and their mothers who are below the poverty line.
• Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao started in 2015 aims to generate awareness and
improving the efficiency of welfare services meant for women.

• Sukanya Samridhi Yojana launched in 2015 under the Beti Bachao, Beti Pa campaign to meet the expense of the girl child’s higher education and marriage.

Conclusion

The present day girl is the mother of tomorrow. She is the most crucial and reverend entity. She must be given all the necessary education. Ignoring her, keeping her illiterate means we are creating an illiterate and ignorant generati So, it is perfectly true that educating a girl child means educating a family. Development cannot be accelerated unless girls are given right education in ri direction. Swami Vivekananda has rightly said, “Educate your women first and leave them to themselves, they will tell you what reforms are needed”.

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